Apostrophe (‘) in English! Learn how to use an apostrophe with apostrophe examples and ESL printable infographic. The apostrophe is an important punctuation mark in the English language which is often used incorrectly.
Here are some common incorrect usages of the apostrophe:
- Your’s shoes are red.
- I went to their’s house
- The book’s are on the table.
- The flower’s are in the vase.
The apostrophe has two main distinct uses in English.
Used to show possession
The general rule is that the possessive of a singular noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and “s”, whether the singular noun ends in “s” or not. Let’s take some apostrophe examples:
- Bat owned by Tom – Tom’s bat
- Doll owned by Sarah – Sarah’s doll
- The children’s room
- The men’s work
- The babies’ crying
- A doctor’s patient
Used to show contractions of words
A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters and sounds. You can use contractions to shorten a word by removing one letter or more and substituting an apostrophe in the same spot. Let’s take some apostrophe examples to make it more clearly:
- are not = aren’t
- can not = can’t
- could not = couldn’t
- do not = don’t
- does not = doesn’t
- did not = didn’t
- he will = he’ll
- he would = he’d
- he is = he’s
- is not = isn’t
- it is = it’s
- I am = I’m
- I will = I’ll
- I would = I’d
- I have = I’ve
- She will = She’ll
- She is = She’s
- It is so hot today – It’s so hot today.
- I have not done my homework – I haven’t done my homework.
- They are not here yet. – They’re not here yet.
- He said he would see his brother tomorrow. – He said he’d see his brother tomorrow.
- There will be trouble when she finds out. – There’ll be trouble when she finds out.
- I can not get the cork out of the bottle – can you try? – I can’t get the cork out of the bottle – can you try?
When to Use an Apostrophe | Infographic