Conjunction in English! Learn conjunction definition, types of conjunctions and how to use them correctly in English with useful examples and ESL printable pictures.
A conjunction is a word which connects two words or clauses or sentences and shows the relation between them. They are used to avoid making the text seem like bullet points and to make the text flow. For examples:
- Jai saw a dog on the road. He decided to adopt the dog. Jai brought the dog home.
- Jai saw a dog on the road and decided to adopt the dog, so he brought the dog home.
Here ‘and’ and ‘so’ are conjunctions which are used to join the sentences and show the relation between them.
Types of Conjunctions
There are three main categories of conjunctions that are explained below.
What are coordinating conjunctions?
These conjunctions are used to link or join two words or phrases that are equally important and complete in terms of grammar when compared with each other.
Coordinating Conjunctions Examples:
There are seven main coordinating conjunctions: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, Soon
- I told her to leave, for I was very tired.
- The bowl of squid eyeball stew is hot and delicious.
- We can neither change nor improve it.
- You may delay, but time will not.
- There were ten or twelve people in the room.
- Her advice seems strange, yet I believe she’s right.
- As you make your bed, so you must lie upon it.
What are subordinating conjunctions?
These conjunctions are used to join an independent and complete clause with a dependent clause that relies on the main clause for meaning and relevance. The dependent clause cannot exist on its own as a sentence and often does not make sense without the main clause.
List of Subordinating conjunctions: Although, As, Before, Once, Though, Until, Whether, etc.
- I have great/the greatest respect for his ideas, although I don’t agree with them.
- The lion is not so fierce as he is painted.
- Don’t cry out before you are hurt.
- Once I’ve found somewhere to live I’ll send you my address.
- They’re coming next week, though I don’t know which day.
- We didn’t eat till past midnight.
What are correlative conjunctions?
Correlative Conjunctions are simply pairs of conjunctions used in a sentence to join different words or groups of words in a sentence together.
Some of the more commonly used correlative conjunctions are: Both/and; Either/or; Just as/so; Neither/nor; Not only/but also; Whether/or; Hardly/when, etc.
- Both the shoes and the dress were completely overpriced.
- Either her parents or she is invited to the party tonight.
- Neither I nor you are right.
- She is not only beautiful but also intelligent.
- We can’t decide whether to paint the wall red or white.
- I hardly had time to ring the bell before the door opened.
Conjunctions & Types of Conjunctions | Infographic