Irregular Past Tense Verbs | 75+ Important Irregular Verbs List

Irregular past tense verbs are an essential part of the English language. These verbs do not follow the typical pattern of adding “-ed” to the base form of the verb to form the past tense. Instead, they have unique forms that must be memorized to use them correctly. Irregular verbs are used frequently in everyday conversation and written communication, making it essential to understand them.

Learning irregular past tense verbs can be challenging, but it is an essential part of mastering the English language. By memorizing the unique forms of these verbs, individuals can communicate more effectively and avoid common grammatical errors. In the following article, we will explore the most common irregular verbs and provide examples of their usage to help learners understand them better.

Understanding Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are a special type of verb that do not follow the standard rules for creating past tense and past participle forms. While most English verbs follow a predictable pattern of adding “-ed” to the base form of the verb to create the past tense and past participle, irregular verbs have unique forms that must be memorized.

There are hundreds of irregular verbs in the English language, and they can be challenging to learn. However, it is essential to understand irregular verbs because they are used frequently in everyday communication.

Here are some key things to know about irregular verbs:

  • Irregular verbs do not follow a consistent pattern. Some irregular verbs have unique past tense forms, while others have unique past participle forms, and some have both.
  • Many common verbs are irregular. Some examples of irregular verbs include “go,” “eat,” “see,” “do,” and “have.”
  • There is no easy way to predict which verbs are irregular. However, many irregular verbs are among the most commonly used words in the English language.
  • Regular verbs are easier to learn than irregular verbs because they follow a predictable pattern. However, irregular verbs are essential to learn because they are used frequently in everyday communication.

Unlike regular verbs, these verbs that undergo substantial changes when changing forms between tenses are irregular verbs. The changed forms of these verbs are often unrecognizably different from the originals. For example:

PRESENT TENSE PAST TENSE
Go Went
Run Ran
Think Thought

There is no way to tell what form an irregular verb is going to take in a changed tense; the only option for an English speaker is to commit the changes to memory. With practice, it will become a matter of habit.

Common Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are verbs that do not follow the standard rules of conjugation for their past tense and past participle forms. They are often used in everyday English and can be difficult to memorize due to their unique forms. In this section, we will discuss the most common irregular verbs in English and how they are used.

Action Verbs

Action verbs are verbs that describe an action or a physical movement. Some of the most common irregular action verbs in English include:

  • Bought: He bought a new car last week.
  • Did: She did her homework before dinner.
  • Found: They found a lost dog on the street.
  • Gave: He gave her a present for her birthday.
  • Had: She had a headache yesterday.
  • Met: They met at the park for a picnic.
  • Ran: He ran a marathon last year.
  • Said: She said she would be here at 2 pm.
  • Saw: They saw a movie last night.
  • Sent: He sent an email to his boss this morning.
  • Spoke: She spoke to her parents on the phone yesterday.
  • Took: He took the train to work this morning.
  • Thought: She thought about her future plans all day.

State Verbs

State verbs are verbs that describe a state of being or a condition. Some of the most common irregular state verbs in English include:

  • Are: They are not happy with the new policy.
  • Become: She became a doctor after years of studying.
  • Begin: He began his new job last month.
  • Break: She broke her leg skiing last winter.
  • Bring: He brought his own lunch to work today.
  • Build: They built a new house in the countryside.
  • Buy: She bought a new dress for the party.
  • Choose: He chose the red car instead of the blue one.
  • Drive: She drove to the beach for the weekend.
  • Give: They gave him a warm welcome when he arrived.
  • Hear: She heard a strange noise in the middle of the night.
  • Hold: He held her hand during the scary movie.
  • Keep: She kept the secret to herself for years.
  • Lay: He laid the book on the table and went to bed.
  • Let: She let her sister borrow her car for the day.
  • Lose: He lost his keys and couldn’t find them anywhere.
  • Make: She made a cake for her friend’s birthday.
  • Meet: They met at the coffee shop for a chat.
  • Pay: He paid the bill with his credit card.
  • Read: She read a book before going to sleep.
  • Ring: They rang the doorbell but nobody answered.
  • Run: He ran a mile in under 5 minutes.
  • Say: She said goodbye and left the room.
  • See: They saw a shooting star in the sky.
  • Sell: He sold his old car for a good price.
  • Send: She sent a postcard to her family from her trip.
  • Sing: He sang a song at the karaoke bar.
  • Speak: She spoke in front of a large audience.
  • Stand: He stood up to give his speech.
  • Take: She took a picture of the sunset on the beach.
  • Teach: He taught English in Japan for two years.
  • Tell: She told him the truth about what happened.
  • Understand: They understood the instructions clearly.
  • Wear: She wore a red dress to the party.
  • Win: He won the game with a last-minute goal.
  • Write: She wrote a novel in just three months.

Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary verbs are verbs that are used to form different verb tenses or to express modality. Some of the most common irregular auxiliary verbs in English include:

  • Be: She was tired after a long day at work.
  • Do: He did his best to finish the project on time.
  • Have: They have been married for 10 years.

Overall, irregular verbs are an important part of English grammar and vocabulary. By memorizing the most common ones, learners can improve their fluency and accuracy in spoken and written English.

Irregular Past Tense Verbs List

Here is a list of commonly used irregular verbs with their base form, simple past form and the past participle.

BASE FORM SIMPLE PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

Be Was, Were Been
Beat Beat Beaten
Become Became Become
Begin Began Begun
Bet Bet Bet
Bite Bit Bitten
Break Broke Broken
Bring Brought Brought
Build Built Built
Burn Burnt Burnt
Buy Bought Bought
Catch Caught Caught
Choose Chose Chosen
Come Came Come
Cut Cut Cut
Dig Dug Dug
Do Did Done
Dream Dreamt Dreamt
Drink Drank Drunk
Drive Drove Driven
Eat Ate Eaten
Fall Fell Fallen
Feel Felt Felt
Fight Fought Fought
Find Found Found
Fly Flew Flown
Forget Forgot Forgotten
Forgive Forgave Forgiven
Get Got Got
Give Gave Given
Go Went Gone
Grow Grew Grown
Hang Hung Hung
Have Had Had
Hear Heard Heard
Hide Hid Hidden
Hit Hit Hit
Hold Held Held
Hurt Hurt Hurt
Keep Kept Kept
Know Knew Known
Learn Learnt Learnt
Leave Left Left
Lend Lent Lent
Lose Lost Lost
Make Made Made
Meet Met Met
Pay Paid Paid
Put Put Put
Read Read Read
Ride Rode Ridden
Ring Rang Rung
Run Ran Run
Say Said Said
See Saw Seen
Sell Sold Sold
Send Sent Sent
Sing Sang Sung
Sleep Slept Slept
Speak Spoke Spoken
Stand Stood Stood
Sweep Swept Swept
Swim Swam Swum
Take Took Taken
Teach Taught Taught
Tear Tore Torn
Tell Told Told
Think Thought Thought
Throw Threw Threw
Understand Understood Understood
Wake Woke Waken
Wear Wore Worn
Weep Wept Wept
Win Won Won
Write Wrote Written

Using Irregular Verbs in Sentences

Irregular verbs are verbs that do not follow the normal patterns for tense and past participle. They have their own unique tense forms and past participles. Using irregular verbs in sentences can be tricky, but with practice, it becomes easier.

One way to use irregular verbs in sentences is by using the simple past tense. For example, “She ran to the store.” In this sentence, “ran” is the irregular past tense form of the verb “run.” Similarly, “He bet on the wrong horse” uses the irregular past tense form of the verb “bet.”

Another way to use irregular verbs in sentences is by using the present perfect tense. For example, “They have caught many fish.” In this sentence, “caught” is the irregular past participle form of the verb “catch.” Similarly, “She has drunk too much water” uses the irregular past participle form of the verb “drink.”

It is important to note that irregular verbs do not follow a set pattern, so it is important to memorize them individually. Here is a table of some common irregular verbs and their past tense and past participle forms:

Verb Past Tense Past Participle
run ran run
bet bet bet
catch caught caught
drink drank drunk

Irregular Past Tense Verbs | Infographics

Irregular Verbs List 1

Irregular Past Tense VerbsPin

Irregular Verbs List 2

Irregular Past Tense VerbsPin

Irregular Verbs List 3

Irregular Past Tense VerbsPin

Irregular Past Tense Verbs List 4

Irregular Past Tense VerbsPin

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common irregular past tense verbs?

There are many irregular past tense verbs in English. Some of the most common ones include “go” (went), “eat” (ate), “see” (saw), “have” (had), “do” (did), “say” (said), “make” (made), “take” (took), “give” (gave), and “get” (got).

Can you give me examples of irregular verbs in past tense?

Sure, here are a few examples of irregular verbs in past tense:

  • “She ate breakfast this morning.”
  • “He went to the store yesterday.”
  • “They saw a movie last night.”
  • “I had a great time at the party.”
  • “She did her homework before dinner.”

How do you form the past tense of irregular verbs?

The past tense of irregular verbs is formed differently than regular verbs. While regular verbs add “-ed” to the base form to create the past tense, irregular verbs have their own unique past tense forms that must be memorized. For example, the past tense of “go” is “went,” and the past tense of “eat” is “ate.”

What distinguishes irregular verbs from regular verbs?

The main difference between irregular and regular verbs is the way they form their past tense and past participle forms. Regular verbs add “-ed” to the base form to create the past tense and past participle, while irregular verbs have their own unique forms that must be memorized.

What are the most important irregular verbs to know?

There are many irregular verbs in English, but some of the most important ones to know include “be” (was/were), “have” (had), “do” (did), “go” (went), “see” (saw), “say” (said), “make” (made), “take” (took), and “get” (got).

Why is it important to learn irregular past tense verbs?

Learning irregular past tense verbs is important for effective communication in English. Using the correct past tense form can help convey accurate information and prevent confusion. Additionally, many common verbs in English are irregular, so knowing their past tense forms is essential for everyday conversation and writing.

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KKteam
KKteam
3 years ago

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criss
criss
3 years ago
Reply to  KKteam

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XD

Last edited 3 years ago by criss
Xd ni ma cie
Xd ni ma cie
3 years ago
Reply to  KKteam

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noa
noa
2 years ago
Reply to  KKteam

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Catty
Catty
3 years ago

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ling ling ate a bat
ling ling ate a bat
3 years ago
Reply to  Catty

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Catty
Catty
3 years ago

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criss
criss
3 years ago

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adrian
adrian
3 years ago
Reply to  criss

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Leo
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3 years ago

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Xd ni ma cie
Xd ni ma cie
3 years ago

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Xd ni ma cie
Xd ni ma cie
3 years ago

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ling ling ate a bat
ling ling ate a bat
3 years ago
Reply to  Xd ni ma cie

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ling ling ate a bat
ling ling ate a bat
3 years ago

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MC DONLAD
MC DONLAD
3 years ago

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địt mẹ
địt mẹ
2 years ago

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fer
fer
2 years ago
Reply to  địt mẹ

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fer
2 years ago

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ares
2 years ago

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Rose
1 year ago

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Kolanficik228
1 year ago

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Sandy M.
Sandy M.
7 months ago

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LANA
LANA
6 months ago
Reply to  Sandy M.

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claudia arellano
claudia arellano
2 months ago

hi! may i ask why the past participle of thow is threw and not thrown? now im confused! thanks (is in the big list you have)

MAMİ
MAMİ
2 months ago

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carl Arthur
carl Arthur
1 month ago

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