Prepositions of Movement! Learn the definition, a useful list of prepositions of movement, with examples sentences and ESL printable picture in English.
Prepositions of Movement List
Prepositions of movement show movement from one place to another. There are 9 basic prepositions that pertain to movement:
Prepositions of Movement: To
‘To’ is used when there is a specific destination in mind. The destination can be a number of things:
- I’m going to the doctor’s.
- Can you direct me to the nearest post office?
- Are you going to the party?
- I have never been to a concert.
- She came up to me.
- I go to my father for advice.
- The bathroom is to your left.
- Keep to the left.
Prepositions of Movement: Towards
‘Towards’ is used in the following instances:
When one has movement in a particular direction in mind, rather than simply a destination:
- He was walking menacingly towards me.
Or to refer to a position, in relation to a direction from the point of view of the speaker:
- He was sitting with his back towards me.
Prepositions of Movement: Through
‘Through’ refers to the following types of movement:
Within a space, which can be thought of as surrounding, enclosing or around the object:
- The train went through the tunnel.
Movement across something, i.e. from one side of it to the other:
- He cut through the gauze.
Prepositions of Movement: Into
‘Into’ refers to the following types of movement:
Movement from the outside to the inside of something that can be imagined as surrounding, enclosing or around the object:
- He got into the car.
Movement causing something to hit something else:
- He swerved into the tree.
Prepositions of Movement: Across
‘Across’ is used to describe:
Movement from one end of something to the other:
- He walked across the road.
- He strode across the bridge.
Something’s position when it stretches over the surface it is on:
- There was a barricade across the road.
To describe something’s position when it is at the opposite end from one’s position:
- We went to the restaurant across the road.
Prepositions of Movement: Over
‘Over’ is used in the following instances:
To describe something’s position when it is above something else:
- The bottle is in the cabinet over the sink in the kitchen.
To describe something’s position when it covers a surface:
- A white cloth had been spread over the corpse.
Prepositions of Movement: Along
‘Along’ is used to describe:
Movement in a line:
- We walked along the river.
The collective position of a group of things that are in a line:
- He lived in one of the houses along the river.
Prepositions of Movement: In
‘In’ is used in the following instances:
Something’s position in relation to the area or space or place surrounding it:
- We are going to have our picnic in the park.
- I left my car in the garage.
To express towards the inside of something:
- Put the pickle in the cabinet.
Prepositions of Movement: On
‘On’ is used in the following instances:
To describe something’s position in relation to a surface:
- There was an array of food on the table.
To describe movement in the direction of a surface:
- The rain falling on the roof kept me from sleeping.
Examples of Prepositions of Movement
Here are some more example sentences showing prepositions of movement in context:
- We’re going to town on the bus, okay?
- She walked over to the window.
- We received another invitation to a wedding this morning.
- She stood up and walked towards him.
- She kept glancing towards the phone.
- I walked backwards towards the door.
- They walked slowly through the woods.
- He struggled through the crowd till he reached the front.
- Let’s go into the garden.
- Stop running around and get into bed!
- She walked across the field/road.
- They’re building a new bridge across the river.
- Helicopters dropped leaflets over the city.
- I put a shawl over my shoulders.
- We walked along the beach collecting small crabs in a bucket.
- Cars were parked all along the road.
- Get in the car.
- She stepped in the batter’s box.
- Your suitcase is on top of the wardrobe.
- They live in that old house on the hill.