Present Perfect Tense: Definition, Useful Examples and Exercise 1

Present Perfect Tense: Definition, Useful Examples and Exercise

The present perfect tense in English with present perfect examples! Learn the definition and how to form the present perfect tense with useful examples and ESL printable infographics.

Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Definition

In the Present Perfect tense, the action is complete or has ended and hence termed Perfect. The exact time when the action happened is not important and hence, it is not mentioned in this tense.

Forming Present Perfect Tense

Positive Statements | Present Perfect

SUBJECT HAVE / HAS VERB (past participle) REST OF THE SENTENCE
I have seen this movie.
You have seen this movie.
He has seen this movie.
Tom has seen this movie.
The boy has seen this movie.
She has seen this movie.
Anna has seen this movie.
The girl has seen this movie.
We have seen this movie.
You have seen this movie.
They have seen this movie.
The children have seen this movie.

Notice that we use:

  • have’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
  • has’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’

The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

Negative Statements | Present Perfect

SUBJECT HAVE NOT / HAS NOT VERB (past participle) REST OF THE SENTENCE
I have not eaten lunch.
You have not eaten lunch.
He has not eaten lunch.
Tom has not eaten lunch.
The boy has not eaten lunch.
She has not eaten lunch.
Anna has not eaten lunch.
The girl has not eaten lunch.
We have not eaten lunch.
You have not eaten lunch.
They have not eaten lunch.
The children have not eaten lunch.

Notice that we use:

  • have not’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
  • has not’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’

The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

Interrogative Statements / Questions | Present Perfect

HAVE / HAS SUBJECT VERB (past participle) REST OF THE SENTENCE
Have I finished the work?
Have you finished the work?
Has he finished the work?
Has Tom finished the work?
Has the boy finished the work?
Has she finished the work?
Has Anna finished the work?
Has the girl finished the work?
Have we finished the work?
Have you finished the work?
Have they finished the work?
Have the men finished the work?

Notice that we use:

  • have’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
  • has’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’

The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

Present Perfect Tense Chart

present perfect

present perfect

present perfect

Present Perfect Tense Exercise

Present Perfect Tense: Definition, Useful Examples and Exercise 2

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