Present Perfect Tense: Definition, Useful Examples and Exercise 1

Present Perfect Tense: Definition, Useful Examples and Exercise

The present perfect tense in English with present perfect examples! Learn the definition and how to form the present perfect tense with useful examples and ESL printable infographics.

Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Definition

In the Present Perfect tense, the action is complete or has ended and hence termed Perfect. The exact time when the action happened is not important and hence, it is not mentioned in this tense.

Forming Present Perfect Tense

Positive Statements | Present Perfect

SUBJECTHAVE / HASVERB (past participle)REST OF THE SENTENCE
Ihaveseenthis movie.
Youhaveseenthis movie.
Hehasseenthis movie.
Tomhasseenthis movie.
The boyhasseenthis movie.
Shehasseenthis movie.
Annahasseenthis movie.
The girlhasseenthis movie.
Wehaveseenthis movie.
Youhaveseenthis movie.
Theyhaveseenthis movie.
The childrenhaveseenthis movie.

Notice that we use:

  • have’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
  • has’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’

The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

Negative Statements | Present Perfect

SUBJECTHAVE NOT / HAS NOTVERB (past participle)REST OF THE SENTENCE
Ihave noteatenlunch.
Youhave noteatenlunch.
Hehas noteatenlunch.
Tomhas noteatenlunch.
The boyhas noteatenlunch.
Shehas noteatenlunch.
Annahas noteatenlunch.
The girlhas noteatenlunch.
Wehave noteatenlunch.
Youhave noteatenlunch.
Theyhave noteatenlunch.
The childrenhave noteatenlunch.

Notice that we use:

  • have not’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
  • has not’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’

The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

Interrogative Statements / Questions | Present Perfect

HAVE / HASSUBJECTVERB (past participle)REST OF THE SENTENCE
HaveIfinishedthe work?
Haveyoufinishedthe work?
Hashefinishedthe work?
HasTomfinishedthe work?
Hasthe boyfinishedthe work?
Hasshefinishedthe work?
HasAnnafinishedthe work?
Hasthe girlfinishedthe work?
Havewefinishedthe work?
Haveyoufinishedthe work?
Havetheyfinishedthe work?
Havethe menfinishedthe work?

Notice that we use:

  • have’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
  • has’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’

The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

Present Perfect Tense Chart

present perfect

present perfect

present perfect

Present Perfect Tense Exercise

Present Perfect Tense: Definition, Useful Examples and Exercise 2

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