Regular & Irregular Plural Nouns: How to Make Plurals in English? 1

Regular & Irregular Plural Nouns: How to Make Plurals in English?

Plural Nouns in English! Learn the definition, useful rules to make plural nouns (regular plural and irregular plural) with examples and ESL printable pictures in English.

What are Plural Nouns?

Plural nouns are words used to indicate that typically denotes more than one person, animal, thing, idea or instance. When we want to talk about more than one of anything, we will use plural nouns. In most cases, we just add “s” to the end of a noun to make it plural.

How to Make Plurals

Pluralization in English can be a bit of a tricky game, and as with any language, the key to mastering this aspect lies in practicing through reading and conversing until the variations that appear unpredictable in the beginning become second nature, a matter of habit. Having said that, there are certain principles that are generally applicable that make the task easier by giving us a broad idea of how common words are pluralized. Let us take a look at these.

Regular Plural Nouns

How to make a regular plural noun?

In order to change a singular noun to its plural form, we usually add “s”. For example, the plural of pen is pens. The plural of hat is hats. These are regular plurals. Let take some examples as below:

1. For most nouns, add an ‘s’ at the end of the word.

SINGULARPLURAL
CarCars
DeskDesks
TreeTrees
BallBalls
HandHands

2. For nouns that end with ‘s’, ‘x’, ‘z’, ‘ch’, or ‘sh’, add ‘es’ at the end of the word.

SINGULARPLURAL
BossBosses
BoxBoxes
TopazTopazes
LeechLeeches
DishDishes

3. For some words that end with ‘o’, add ‘es’ at the end of the word.

SINGULARPLURAL
PotatoPotatoes
EchoEchoes
HeroHeroes

4. For some words that end with ‘o’, add ‘s’ at the end of the word.

SINGULARPLURAL
PhotoPhotos
PianoPianos
LogoLogos
RadioRadios

5. For some words ending with ‘f’, replace the ‘f’ with a ‘v’ and add ‘es’ at the end of the word.

SINGULARPLURAL
ThiefThieves
LoafLoaves
HalfHalves
CalfCalves
LeafLeaves

6. For some words ending with ‘f’, add an ‘s’ at the end of the word.

SINGULARPLURAL
ReefsReefs
RoofRoofs
ChefChefs

7. For some words ending with ‘ife’, replace the ‘f’ with a ‘v’ and add an ‘s’ at the end of the word.

SINGULARPLURAL
WifeWives
KnifeKnives
LifeLives

8. For common nouns ending with a consonant followed by ‘y’, replace the ‘y’ with an ‘i’ and add ‘es’ at the end of the word.

SINGULARPLURAL
NappyNappies
PoppyPoppies
FlyFlies
PennyPennies
StySties

Irregular Plural Nouns

How to make an irregular plural noun?

There are many nouns which don’t follow the rule. For example, the plural of sheep is sheep. The plural of person is people. These are irregular plurals. Let take some examples as below:

1. Some nouns are the same in both forms.

SINGULARPLURAL
FishFish
SheepSheep
DeerDeer
TunaTuna
TroutTrout

2. For some nouns, other letters must be replaced or added, sometimes changing the words completely.

SINGULARPLURAL
PersonPeople
OxOxen
ChildChildren
GooseGeese
ManMen
FootFeet

Plural Nouns in English | Infographic

Plural Nouns

Regular & Irregular Plural Nouns: How to Make Plurals in English? 2

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