Relative Pronouns: Definition, Rules & Useful Examples 1

Relative Pronouns: Definition, Rules & Useful Examples

Relative Pronouns! What is a relative pronoun? Learn relative pronoun definition, useful grammar rules with examples sentences and ESL printable infographic.

Relative Pronouns

What is a Relative Pronoun?

Relative Pronouns are used to join or relate two different clauses together by referring to the noun in the previous clause using the pronounsWho, Whom, Whose, Which and That.

Relative Pronouns Rules

Which and That are generally used for objects; while Who and Whom are used for people, and Whose is used to show possession.

  • She will choose the colour which looks good on everyone.

Here, which is joining the two related clauses about choosing a colour and a colour which would look good on everyone.

  • She is complaining to whoever she comes across nowadays.

Here, the “whoever” is the object of the verb ‘complaining’ and it is linking the two clauses about someone complaining and the frequency of their complaints.

  • There is a car in the parking lot that someone has painted a bright pink.

That is joining the two sentences related to the object and its location in the first and its appearance in the second.

  • She needs to know by tomorrow who will be accompanying her on the trip.

Who here stands for the unknown person and it also joins the two different clauses together.

  • Is there anyone here whose mobile phone has a signal?

Whose is used here to ask if anyone has possession of something that the speaker needs.

Relative Pronouns Examples

Relative Pronouns

Usage

Example

WhoUsed for people(Subject)Who are all those people?
WhomUsed for people(Object)To whom do you wish to speak?
WhichUsed for objectsWhich of your parents do you feel closer to?
WhoseUsed to show possessionWhose keys are on the kitchen counter?
WhereRefers to placesWhere is my T-shirt?
WhenRefer to timeWhen are you going?
WhyRefer to reasonWhy did you choose me?
WhatRelates to thingsWhat size shoes do you take?
ThatRelates to people, animals and thingsIs this the train that goes to Braintree?

Relative Pronouns | Infographic

Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns: Definition, Rules & Useful Examples 2

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