Subordinating Conjunctions: List, Rules & Useful Examples 1

Subordinating Conjunctions: List, Rules & Useful Examples

Subordinating Conjunctions in English! Learn the definition, useful rules and subordinating conjunctions list with ESL printable infographics.

Subordinating Conjunction

What are subordinating conjunctions?

These conjunctions are used to join an independent and complete clause with a dependent clause that relies on the main clause for meaning and relevance. The dependent clause cannot exist on its own as a sentence and often does not make sense without the main clause.

The subordinating conjunction always comes before the dependent clause but the dependent clause itself can be placed either ahead of or following the independent clause.

  • Since they had misbehaved, the boys were given one week suspensions from school.

Here, we see the dependent clause is ‘they had misbehaved’ which is not a valid sentence by itself.

The independent main clause is ‘the boys were given one week suspensions from school’.

They are joined by the subordinating conjunction ‘since’.

  • He was fond of playing basketball because it was his father’s favourite game.

In this sentence, because is the subordinating conjunction as it introduces the dependent clause ‘it was his father’s favourite game’.

The main clause in this sentence is ‘he was fond of playing basketball’ as it is the sentence which can be said independently and still be grammatically correct.

Other subordinating conjunctions are – Although, As, Before, Once, Though, Until, Whether, etc.

Subordinating Conjunctions List

There are many subordinating conjunctions. This is the most commonly used subordinating conjunctions list in English.

AfterSoon after moving to London, she got a new job.
AlthoughHe decided to go, although I begged him not to.
AsYou can go first as you’re the oldest.
As soon asAs soon as I saw her, I knew there was something wrong.
BecauseWe can’t go to Julia’s party because we’re going away that weekend.
BeforeYou should always wash your hands before meals.
By the timeI thought you’d be done by this time.
Even ifEven if you apologize, she still may not forgive you.
Even thoughEven though he left school at 16, he still managed to become prime minister.
IfIf she hadn’t called, I wouldn’t have known.
In caseBring a map in case you get lost.
Now thatNow that I live only a few blocks from work, I walk to work and enjoy it.
OnceOnce I’ve found somewhere to live I’ll send you my address.
SinceSince we’ve got a few minutes to wait for the train, let’s have a cup of coffee.
So thatI am saving money so that I can buy a new car.
ThanMy brother’s older than you.
UnlessYou can’t get a job unless you have experience.
UntilI was up until three o’clock trying to get it finished!
WhenI don’t suppose I can really call myself a vegetarian when I eat fish.
WheneverI’m embarrassed whenever I think about it.
Whether or notIt remains to be seen whether or not this idea can be put into practice.
WhileI read it while you were drying your hair.
WhyShe’ll ask why you don’t have your homework.
As long asYou can have a dog as long as you promise to take care of it.
In order thatIn order that you can sign the form, please print it out and mail it to this address.

Table: List of Subordinating Conjunctions

Learn more with a big list of transition words and phrases in English. 

Subordinating Conjunctions | Infographics

Subordinating Conjunctions List Image 1

subordinating conjunctions

Subordinating Conjunctions List in English | Image 2

subordinating conjunctions

Subordinating Conjunctions: List, Rules & Useful Examples 2

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