45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and Examples

Suffix Definition and Examples! Learn 45 common suffixes with meaning and examples in English: -able/-ible, -ac/-ic, -acy, -ious, -al, -ance/-ence, -dom, -eer/-er/-or, -escent, -escent…with ESL printable infographics.

Suffix Definition

Suffixes are placed after words to modify their meanings; like prefixes, they are groups of letters that rarely serve a purpose unless attached to a word.

In order word, in linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed post) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Common examples are case ending, which indicate the grammatical cased of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs.

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and Examples – Image 1

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and ExamplesPin

Suffix List in English

Here is a list of some of them to give you an idea of how to identify suffixes.

Suffix

Suffix Meaning

Suffix Examples

-able/-ible capable of being portable, legible, preventable, adaptable
-ac/-ic like/related to cardiac, iconic, organic
-acy state/quality of being privacy, legitimacy, bureaucracy, aristocracy, theocracy
-ious full of gracious, malicious, ambitious, cautious
-al related to logical, philosophical, bacterial, theatrical, natural
-ance/-ence state/quality of being maintenance, permanence, brilliance, defiance, annoyance
-dom condition of, state, realm freedom, kingdom, boredom, freedom, wisdom
-eer/-er/-or person who mountaineer, writer, counsellor, engineer, volunteer, inventor, legislator
-escent becoming, to be adolescent, fluorescent
-esque like/reminiscent of picturesque, kafkaesque, grotesque, burlesque
-ess female actress, heiress, lioness
-ful full of helpful, thankful, cheerful
-fy to make magnify, electrify, amplify, falsify, terrify
-hood state, condition, or quality childhood, neighborhood, motherhood
-ian relating to martian, utopian, pediatrician
-iferous containing, yielding vociferous, carboniferous
-ise make, become civilise, terrorise, lengthwise, otherwise
-ish having qualities of hellish, fiendish, apish, brutish, childish
-ism doctrine, belief, practice favouritism, communism, altruism, despotism, heroism
-ist person who chemist, florist, artist, linguist, pianist
-ity state/quality of being ingenuity, oddity, abnormality, civility, necessity

-ite
resident of, follower, product of suburbanite, luddite, dynamite
-ine relating to canine, feminine, masculine
-ive inclined to; quality of; that which attractive, expensive, repulsive
-less without brainless, endless, fearless, helpless, homeless
-like resembling, characteristic childlike, homelike, lifelike
-ment state/quality of being, result of action, process enjoyment, embankment, abridgement, movement, placement, shipment
-ness state of being thinness, loneliness, kindness, shyness, weakness
-oid like celluloid, ovoid, humanoid, tabloid, hemorrhoid
-ology study of, science of anthropology, archaeology, biology
-ose full of adipose, verbose
-osis process, condition hypnosis, psychosis, diagnosis, prognosis, neurosis, psychosis
-ory relating to armory, dormitory, laboratory
-ous full of illustrious, nauseous, hazardous, humorous, wondrous
-pathy feeling, diseased sympathy, apathy, neuropathy
-phone sound homophone, telephone, microphone
-ship position held friendship, membership, authorship, citizenship, friendship
-sion state/quality of being torsion, confusion, depression, tension
-some characterized by, group of cumbersome, quarrelsome, foursome
sophy/sophic wisdom, knowledge philosophy, theosophy, anthroposophic
-tion state/quality of being transition, attention, caution, fascination
-tude state/quality of being fortitude, certitude
-th state or quality depth, length, strength
-ware things of the same type or material hardware, software, kitchenware
-y characterised by funny, greedy

Suffixes in English | Suffix Meaning | Infographics

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and Examples – Image 2

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and ExamplesPin

Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and Examples – Image 3

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and ExamplesPin

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Frazer Gwaliasi
Frazer Gwaliasi
4 years ago

Please l need further information on this part of language.
Additionally can you give me.. some details of the 8 parts of speech. Please.

Dejah
Dejah
3 years ago

Are you a boy or girl

Dejah
Dejah
3 years ago

This is helpful to my class

guy
guy
3 years ago

Hi

Alex
Alex
3 years ago

God, this is the fourth page in a row skipping the suffix ‘-ly’ as if it didn’t exist.
Guys, are you all kidding me? No such words as ‘friendly’, ‘sickly’ etc?

Tyrek
Tyrek
3 years ago

No

Joey
Joey
3 years ago

E

anonymous
anonymous
2 years ago

helped me

anonymous
anonymous
2 years ago

helped me

anonymous
anonymous
2 years ago

help me do an assignment

anonymous
anonymous
2 years ago

it is cooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooool

Last edited 2 years ago by anonymous
dogrex
dogrex
2 years ago

I use it for ela

Julia
Julia
1 year ago

The suffixes -ment and -ness, do not have correct examples.

anonymous
anonymous
1 year ago

what does suffix -ing mean?

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