45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and Examples

Suffix Definition and Examples! Learn 45 common suffixes with meaning and examples in English: -able/-ible, -ac/-ic, -acy, -ious, -al, -ance/-ence, -dom, -eer/-er/-or, -escent, -escent…with ESL printable infographics.

Suffix Definition

Suffixes are placed after words to modify their meanings; like prefixes, they are groups of letters that rarely serve a purpose unless attached to a word.

In order word, in linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed post) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Common examples are case ending, which indicate the grammatical cased of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs.

Suffix List in English

Here is a list of some of them to give you an idea of how to identify suffixes.


Suffix Meaning

Suffix Examples

-able/-ible capable of being portable, legible, preventable, adaptable
-ac/-ic like/related to cardiac, iconic, organic
-acy state/quality of being privacy, legitimacy, bureaucracy, aristocracy, theocracy
-ious full of gracious, malicious, ambitious, cautious
-al related to logical, philosophical, bacterial, theatrical, natural
-ance/-ence state/quality of being maintenance, permanence, brilliance, defiance, annoyance
-dom condition of, state, realm freedom, kingdom, boredom, freedom, wisdom
-eer/-er/-or person who mountaineer, writer, counsellor, engineer, volunteer, inventor, legislator
-escent becoming, to be adolescent, fluorescent
-esque like/reminiscent of picturesque, kafkaesque, grotesque, burlesque
-ess female actress, heiress, lioness
-ful full of helpful, thankful, cheerful
-fy to make magnify, electrify, amplify, falsify, terrify
-hood state, condition, or quality childhood, neighborhood, motherhood
-ian relating to martian, utopian, pediatrician
-iferous containing, yielding vociferous, carboniferous
-ise make, become civilise, terrorise, lengthwise, otherwise
-ish having qualities of hellish, fiendish, apish, brutish, childish
-ism doctrine, belief, practice favouritism, communism, altruism, despotism, heroism
-ist person who chemist, florist, artist, linguist, pianist
-ity state/quality of being ingenuity, oddity, abnormality, civility, necessity

resident of, follower, product of suburbanite, luddite, dynamite
-ine relating to canine, feminine, masculine
-ive inclined to; quality of; that which attractive, expensive, repulsive
-less without brainless, endless, fearless, helpless, homeless
-like resembling, characteristic childlike, homelike, lifelike
-ment state/quality of being, result of action, process enjoyment, embankment, abridgement, movement, placement, shipment
-ness state of being thinness, loneliness, kindness, shyness, weakness
-oid like celluloid, ovoid, humanoid, tabloid, hemorrhoid
-ology study of, science of anthropology, archaeology, biology
-ose full of adipose, verbose
-osis process, condition hypnosis, psychosis, diagnosis, prognosis, neurosis, psychosis
-ory relating to armory, dormitory, laboratory
-ous full of illustrious, nauseous, hazardous, humorous, wondrous
-pathy feeling, diseased sympathy, apathy, neuropathy
-phone sound homophone, telephone, microphone
-ship position held friendship, membership, authorship, citizenship, friendship
-sion state/quality of being torsion, confusion, depression, tension
-some characterized by, group of cumbersome, quarrelsome, foursome
sophy/sophic wisdom, knowledge philosophy, theosophy, anthroposophic
-tion state/quality of being transition, attention, caution, fascination
-tude state/quality of being fortitude, certitude
-th state or quality depth, length, strength
-ware things of the same type or material hardware, software, kitchenware
-y characterised by funny, greedy

Suffixes in English | Suffix Meaning | Infographics

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and Examples – Image 1

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and ExamplesPin

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and Examples – Image 2

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and ExamplesPin

Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and Examples – Image 3

45 Common Suffixes with Suffix Definition and ExamplesPin

Suffix Definition, Suffix Meaning & Examples in English

Notify of
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Frazer Gwaliasi
Frazer Gwaliasi
1 year ago

Please l need further information on this part of language.
Additionally can you give me.. some details of the 8 parts of speech. Please.

5 months ago

Are you a boy or girl

5 months ago

This is helpful to my class

4 months ago


3 months ago

God, this is the fourth page in a row skipping the suffix ‘-ly’ as if it didn’t exist.
Guys, are you all kidding me? No such words as ‘friendly’, ‘sickly’ etc?

2 months ago


Would love your thoughts, please comment.x